Oyster mushroom is the most common cultivated mushroom in eastern India. It is popularly known as "Dhingri" or "Jhinuk" in Bengal. Some of the widely used species of oyster mushroom are Pleurotus sajor-caju, P. florida, P. flavellatus, P. ostreatus, P. citrinopileatus, etc.
Special characters of oyster mushroom
It is one of the most popular mushroom of South-east Asia and can be cultivated in the tropics.
The optimum temperature for mycelial growth and pinhead structure is 28°C ± 2°C and 22°C ± 2°C respectively.
It can easily be grown on various agricultural waste materials without pasteurisation.
The approximate yield of mushroom is 40% of the dry straw.
The aim of the heat treatment is to kill competing microorganisms and to get rid of soluble nutrients. Most substrates are given a heat treatment before spawning. It is an important measure to control pests and diseases.